Destination | The Netherlands
Geographic Location: Northwestern Europe
Capital City: Amsterdam
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Quick Conversions: $1 USD = € 0.9 EUR
Climate: Mild maritime climate with moderately warm summers and cool winters. The lowest temperature is observed from mid-November to late March below 0 °C (32 °F) and highest in June to August above 30 °C (86 °F).
Famous for: Canals, Tulips, Cheese, windmill, clog (wooden shoes), Delft Blue, Bicycle, Van Gogh, Dutch Masters (Rembrandt van Rijn, Johannes Vermeer, Frans Hals and Jan Steen), etc.
The Netherlands, often referred to as Holland, is a Northwestern European country and part of the European Union (EU). It is bordered by Germany to the east, Belgium to the south and the North Sea to the northwest.
It is a flat country with some parts below sea level. Because many Dutch cities are built on water, you will enjoy beautiful canals and bridges everywhere in the country, even outside of Giethoorn – “the Venice of Holland.” The unstable ground on the water often makes the buildings look unleveled over time, giving the unique architectural characteristics in cities like Amsterdam.
Historically, the country has a long tradition of social tolerance, having legalized abortion, prostitution, human euthanasia, and same-sex marriage, as well as maintaining a progressive drug policy. Amsterdam’s red-light district, De Wallen, is a symbolic place of such tradition, where legal prostitution and selling marijuana at coffee shops are tolerated.
From the early Dutch merchants to colonization, the Dutch have been an explorer at heart. During the Dutch Golden Age, an influx of local and foreign-born artists and philosophers flourished art and culture in Dutch cities. The Netherlands today continues to embrace its diversity and openness in culture, accepting its regional differences and foreign influences over centuries. Thanks to this, Amsterdam, The Hague, Rotterdam, Utrecht and many more Dutch cities are a fascinating place to visit to experience its rich history and diverse culture.